学生论文公示丨基于单部门经济模型对置盐定理的补充解释

  发布日期:2020-10-02  浏览次数:342   作者:石先梅

摘要:技术进步短期内对单个企业甚至是整个部门利润率的提升作用通常是明显的,但是从长期来看对平均利润率的影响须在理论层次上进行深刻分析。马克思明确指出技术进步导致资本有机构成的提高,最终将导致平均利润率下降,但是置盐信雄却提出了相反的观点。通过单部门经济模型对置盐定理进行补充论证,发现保持实际工资率不变的假设才是置盐定理提出基本品行业引入技术进步导致平均利润率上升的关键。进一步分析发现,技术进步条件下保持实际工资率不变,违反了剩余价值率不能够随着技术进步在全社会范围内大幅提高的原则,因此置盐定理不能够推翻马克思平均利润率下降规律。

关键词:技术进步;平均利润率;置盐定理;实际工资率

Abstract: The effect of technological progress on the profitability of a single enterprise or even the entire department is usually obvious in the short term, but the impact on the average profit rate in the long run must be deeply analyzed on the theoretical level. Marx clearly pointed out that technological progress leads to an increase in the organic composition of capital, which will eventually lead to a decline in the average profit rate, but Nobuo Okishio puts forward the opposite view. A supplementary demonstration of the Okishio Theorem through a single-sector economic model found that the assumption of keeping the actual wage rate constant is the key to the increase in the average profit rate caused by the introduction of technological progress in the basic product industry. Further analysis found that keeping the real wage rate unchanged under the conditions of technological progress violates the principle that the rate of surplus value cannot be greatly increased in the whole society with technological progress. Therefore, the Okishio Theorem cannot overturn the law of decline of Marx's average profit rate.

Keywords: Technological Progress; Average Profit rate; Okishio Theorem; Real Wage Rate

石先梅-基于单部门经济模型对置盐定理的补充解释.doc



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